The process of converting wastewater into an effluent, which can be either reused or can be returned back to the water cycle, is called wastewater treatment. The former is known as water reclamation as the treated wastewater can be put to use on various purposes. The term “wastewater treatment” means eliminating the impurities from the treated water, and there are some methods of treatment which can be applied to both wastewater and water. Here we have listed down some of the types of wastewater treatment.
- Rainwater Harvesting
To describe it in simple words, the procedure of harvesting the rainwater for future use is known as rainwater harvesting and it is one of the best waste water treatment systems. In this process, the water is collected from the roof-tops of buildings and is deposited in water tanks designed especially for rainwater accumulation. This preserved water can be used in various purposes, like watering your garden, irrigation, washing car and clothes, and what’s more this water can also be used for drinking. But for this, advanced treatment of water is required.
The rainwater tanks are made of concrete and even of fibreglass. If you go for comparison, then both have got their own set of advantages. Concrete tanks are free of maintenance and are stronger than other materials, whereas fibreglass tanks have high energy efficiency and can be installed in places where access can be a bit difficult. This is a common practice in rural Australia, but nowadays this method is gaining popularity in almost the whole world. Several manufacturers and suppliers of rain water tanks are emerging in Australia who provides A-class tanks, which are not only durable, but also long-lasting.
- Septic Tank
It is one of the major components of a septic system, which is a small-scale sewage treatment system. Other components comprise of sand filters, pumps, alarms, etc. Most of the suburb and small -town people depends mainly on septic tanks. The word “septic” refers to anaerobic bacterial environment, which are developed in waste water treatment systems Adelaide to decay the waste discharged into it. This kind of tanks can also be teamed with other onsite waste water treatment units like bio filters and so on.
- Oil-water separator
An oil-water separator is a kind of equipment which is used to separate water and oil mixtures into separate components. They are designed with the aim of treating various types of contaminants present in water which includes emulsified oil, suspended solids and free floating oil. This is mainly used in industrial sector where different types of separators are used having their distinctive capability of oil separation.